diagnosing hydrocephalus

A healthcare professional may first suspect hydrocephalus because of the symptoms that are present. These symptoms may range from physical appearance, such as an abnormally enlarged head in an infant, to delayed development in a toddler, to personality change or difficulty staying awake in a child, to difficulty walking in an older adult.

To confirm or rule out a diagnosis of hydrocephalus, healthcare professionals will perform a comprehensive neurological exam. This includes a physical exam, and depending on the person’s age and what the healthcare professional believes may be wrong, he or she may order one or more medical tests.

The Physical Exam

Medical Tests


They were very worried because Carlos came 6 weeks early and a couple of hours after his birth, he b…

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Did You Know?

Hydrocephalus is a combination of the Greek word “hydro” which means water and “cephalus” which means head.