types of hydrocephalus

There are two main types of hydrocephalus

  • CONGENITAL HYDROCEPHALUS
    occurs before, during, or soon after birth, or later in life because of a medical condition that existed at birth.

  • ACQUIRED HYDROCEPHALUS
    occurs later in life because something is preventing the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain from draining properly.

  • COMMUNICATING HYDROCEPHALUS
    occurs when something prevents the CSF from circulating properly. It is called “communicating hydrocephalus” because the parts of the brain that circulate the CSF are not communicating or “talking to each other” properly.

  • NON-COMMUNICATING (OBSTRUCTIVE) HYDROCEPHALUS
    occurs when something blocks the flow of CSF so it cannot circulate properly.

Hydrocephalus is also categorized by the effect it has inside the skull.

Click here to learn more about the causes of hydrocephalus

DSUS/COD/1214/0212 - 01/2015

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Did You Know?

cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
fluid produced in the brain containing proteins, electrolytes, and nutrients that cushions the brain and spinal cord from injury